Also it should be noted that we have a Prime Minister, not a President. Oh Obama!
Too long? Did not read?
"Harper is set to trigger an election call for Oct 14th"
To my knowledge, Harper wants to get rid of this silly Minority Government and show Canada what he can do as his party will sweep everyone else away, turning Canada into a FEAROCRACY RUN WITH TERROR BY THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY OF CANADA!
THE MAJOR CONTENDERS ( All Information shamelessly stolen from the Internet, mostly Wikipedia)
The Major Contenders are the ones that actually own seats in the House of Commons; all other parties have absolutely no say in Canadian politics on the Federal level. Or something.
The Conservative Party of Canada
( Formerly Progressive Conservative Party of Canada)
Formed in 2003 when The Canadian Alliance (Redneck Farmer Westies, formerly the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance) joined up with the Progressive Conservatives. Kind of Centre Right on Economic issues, kind of center with Social issues.
The new Conservative Party is an amalgam of two contrasting views about conservatism in Canada. Historically, the Progressive Conservatives touted traditional Red Tory ideals like state funded social programs, rejected closer ties with the United States and attempted to model Canada after centuries-old British institutions. Western Canadian conservatism, embodied in the Canadian Alliance party, was more inspired by U.S.-based conservatism; it espoused closer ties with the United States, Blue Tory conservatism, privatization, smaller government as well as reform and overhaul of political institutions (on the American/Australian model) and a decentralized federalism (a limited government in Ottawa with stronger provinces, as also advocated by Brian Mulroney). The new party generally supports a market economy approach to the economic sphere. The Conservative Party also provides a home for a multitude of other conservatives, such as libertarian conservatives, environmental conservatives, Canadian republicans, monarchists, and many others.
Since most of the MPs for the new party as well as the grassroots supporters come from the western provinces, its policy has significant influence from Reform Party of Canada(Who then turned into the Alliance)
The only party cool enough to keep the same name for over 100 years, the Liberals have pretty much dominated the last 20 years of Canadian Politics. I guess they could be considered the "leftist" party in Canada, although sometimes I can't tell where the Liberals start and the Progressive Alliance for Conservatives in Canada begin.
The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libÃ©ral du Canada), colloquially known as the Grits (originally "Clear Grits"), is a major Canadian political party. The organization is located in the centre of the Canadian political spectrum, combining a liberal social policy with moderate economic policies. Starting with Wilfrid Laurier in 1896 every non-interim leader of the party (excepting current leader StÃ©phane Dion) has served as Prime Minister of Canada. The party has formed the Official Opposition in the Parliament of Canada since February 2006. â€œ
Also the most famous Canadian politician was from this party.
Currently being led by this guy.
(The guy receiving the sacred Canadian Beverage)
"The Bloc QuÃ©bÃ©cois (BQ) is a federal political party in Canada that defines itself as devoted to the promotion of sovereignty for Quebec. As such, it contests elections only in constituencies in Quebec. It holds as its goal the "defence of the interests of all QuÃ©bÃ©cois in Ottawa" (notably by promoting, in the federal parliament, the consensus of the National Assembly of Quebec). This is complicated when the federalist Quebec Liberals form the government in Quebec."
I mean cmon? Their major political ideal is for Quebec to separate from Canada, and two referendums have already been voted on this issue, both obviously unsuccessful. They are the only Major Political Player in the Western world that is actively trying to get a portion of the landmass to separate from the rest of the country. In 1995 they held a Referendum to see if the people of Quebec wanted to separate from Canada (It wasnâ€™t a real separation, more like we get to keep all the perks also fuck you guys) ( more info here at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quebec_referendum,_1995
) Basically, 50.58% "No" to 49.42% "Yes". Was a close call for Quebec, PQ blamed immigrants and non French speaking Qubecers.
NDP: New Democratic Party
â€œThe NDP has policies that include..
â€¢ sweeping environmental protection 
â€¢ national water safety standards
â€¢ not reducing corporate taxes
â€¢ reducing poverty in Canada
â€¢ human rights protection
â€¢ expanded high-quality public transportation
â€¢ affordable and accessible high-quality post-secondary education
â€¢ public health care including expanded dental and prescription drug coverage,
â€¢ progressive taxation reform
â€¢ social assistance policies that reflects citizens' needs and assists their re-entry to the work force
â€¢ gender equality and equal rights for gays, lesbians, and minorities
â€¢ electoral reform that abolishes the current un-elected Senate and ensures more proportional representation 
â€¢ workers' rights including raising the minimum wage to at least keep up with the cost of living
â€¢ Aboriginal treaty, land, and constitutional rights
â€¢ balanced budgets 
â€¢ a foreign policy that emphasizes diplomacy, peacekeeping and humanitarian aid instead of offensive military action
â€¢ renegotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) â€œ
Basically the Left Wing Socialists of the bunch, they have never controlled Parliament, but due to the nature of Canadian politics, they have been able to have some influence in minority governments. Its first leader was Tommy Douglas, the founder of UNIVERSAL HEALTHCARE IN CANADA WOOO
Sex, drugs, rock and roll, weed, speed birth control.. minus the rock and roll.
After getting an independent to turn over a new leaf (HOHOHOHO I AM SO FUNNY), the Green party was able to secure a place in the national debates.
Shamelessly stolen from wikipedia.
"The GPC had originally adopted a form of the Ten Key Values originally authored by the United States Green Party.
The August 2002 Convention adopted the Six Principles of the Charter of the Global Greens, as stated by the Global Greens Conference held in Canberra, Australia in 2001. These principles are the only ones included in the GPC constitution.
An emphasis on a green tax shift in the 2004 platform, which favoured partially reducing income and corporate taxes (while increasing taxes on polluters and energy consumers), created questions as to whether the Green Party was still on the left of the political spectrum, or was taking a more eco-capitalist approach by reducing progressive taxation in favour of regressive taxation. Green Party policy writers have challenged this interpretation by claiming that any unintended "regressive" tax consequences from the application of a Green Tax Shift would be intentionally offset by changes in individual tax rates and categories as well as an 'eco-tax" refund for those who pay no tax.
The Green Party of Canada platform does promote some policies usually associated with the left. It calls for an end to homelessness via subsidized housing, promotes a guaranteed livable income, and opposes private sector involvement in public health, education and prison services.
As early as 2000, the party had published platform comparisons indicating the reasons why supporters of any of the five other Canadian federal political parties should consider voting Green. The Greens have always had right-wing, leftist and centrist factions that have been ascendant at different times in the party's history. Many Greens also claim that this traditional left-right political spectrum analysis does not accurately capture the pragmatic ecological orientation of an evolving Green Party.
The ecumenical approach (expressing affinities with all Canadian political tendencies and making cases to voters on all parts of the left-right spectrum) has been advocated by those who believe their success can be measured by the degree to which other parties adopt Green Party policies. It has however not been discerned the degree to which this process has contributed to phenomena like the Liberal Party of Canada adopting several key items which also appear in the Green program, such as accelerated Capital Cost Allowance deductions restricted to sustainable technology only, and the adoption of the ecological and social indicators and green procurement rules Greens have long advocated. Neither have the relative degrees of influence been discerned which non-partisan environmental groups and the party's own Green wing have in developing the policies of the Green Party.
Under Elizabeth May's leadership, the Green Party has begun to receive more mainstream media attention on other party policy not directly related to the environment - for example, supporting labour rights and poppy legalization in Afghanistan."
Other Political Parties Include:
â€¢ Animal Alliance Environment Voters Party of Canada (founded in 2005) - environmentalist, animal liberationist
â€¢ Canadian Action Party (founded in 1997) - Progressive, Canadian Nationalist
â€¢ Christian Heritage Party of Canada (founded in 1987) - Social conservative
â€¢ Communist Party of Canada (founded in 1921) - Communist
â€¢ Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) (founded in 1970) - Communist/Marxist-Leninist influenced by Maoism and the ideas of Enver Hoxha
â€¢ First Peoples National Party of Canada (founded in 2005) - Aboriginal rights advocacy
â€¢ Green Party of Canada (founded in 1983) - Green
â€¢ Libertarian Party of Canada (founded in 1975) - Libertarian
â€¢ Marijuana Party of Canada (founded in 2000) - pro-marijuana legalization
â€¢ Neorhino.ca (founded in 2007) - Joke party.
â€¢ Newfoundland and Labrador First Party (founded in 2007) - Newfoundland and Labrador advocation
â€¢ People's Political Power of Canada (founded in 2006)- Social Conservative, Populist
â€¢ Progressive Canadian Party (founded in 2004) - progressive conservative, Red Tory
â€¢ Western Block Party (founded 2005) - western separatist and ultraconservative
â€¢ Work Less Party (founded in 2007) - Labour rights
Why should you give a shit?
You, Americans, literally buy like half of all our shit.
Also, we have an oil deposit that makes us the holder of the Second Largest Oil Deposit in the WORLD
Fellow Canadians, how will you vote this year?