Wherein we discuss various events in the countries above, current and sometimes historical. Generally discussion tends to be is politics-related but other subjects are fine too. I'm not going to attempt a country-by-country summary like I did last time; there are several that I have not read enough about (either recently or in general) to do so adequately. Instead, I will note a pretty amazing thing that I noticed while skimming the last OP:
Afghanistan has been at war for over 40 years now, and peace seems nowhere on the horizon.
That was last May. Whoops! Four months later and the country is at peace! Didn't see that one coming. All is far from well in Afghanistan; the economic collapse after the government's overthrow has resulted in famine conditions for parts of the country. Despite this, the US continues to freeze the Afghan government's access to billions of dollars of its central bank's money, while enforcing economic sanctions that make international aid more difficult and worsen the economic crisis. But nonetheless, the country is at peace for the first time in 40 years. After 20 years of failure and pointless bloodshed, the US leaves and the fighting ends almost immediately! It's also a striking contrast to the situation post-Soviet withdrawal (chaotic many-sided warlord civil war).
In other news, the war in Yemen continues to rage on, and has even escalated with Yemeni missile attacks on the UAE (who are backing the most powerful anti-Houthi faction). The Saudi bombing has been especially unhinged in recent weeks, with countless people killed in indiscriminate destruction of residential areas. The US continues to arm the Saudis to the teeth, help them logistically, and has recently declared further support to the UAE in response to Yemen's missile attack. It's funny how these things are discussed in the US; missiles shot from Yemen toward one of the countries warring on it are discussed as dangerous escalations justifying swift and harsh response, while the constant destruction of Yemen as a whole by Saudi planes is just how things go.
After the most devastating war seen in the 21st century (edit - arguably second most devastating, I forgot that the Second Congo War lasted until 2003), Syria is a mess, but is not really at war now, or at least not a hot war. The rebel-held province of Idlib and the government occasionally skirmish, but it doesn't usually escalate beyond that. ISIS attempted a prison break in Kurdish territory recently, which was by far their largest attack since their territorial defeat a few years ago, but it mostly failed. The US still has a small number of troops there ("To safeguard the oil fields!" Really as a barrier against Iran, I'd say). Turkish troops occupy a strip territory in the north and are present in Idlib as well. The country's economy is an absolute disaster, though, and is worsened by - you guessed it! - crippling sanctions from the US. Blinken has stated that the US is "opposed to the reconstruction of Syria" (a really extreme and horrifying position if you take a second to think on it), so that's that, I guess. The Syrian economy's collapse is also worsening the situation in Lebanon, which has suffered an increasingly severe economic and political crisis for years now, which has finally escalated to the point where the state appears to be in a state of gradual but increasingly rapid collapse.
Iran had an election last year, and the faction we in the Anglosphere often refer to as "hardliners" won it. During the final months of the previous, more moderate administration, Rouhani repeatedly urged Biden to reenter the nuclear agreement with Iran, which previous president Trump had violated by reimposing sanctions without cause. Biden basically said "no u" and then was entirely unwilling to budge from the US's unreasonable position or make meaningful overtures. Now, the US's negotiating partners appear somewhat less eager to reenter the deal, and the Biden administration is complaining of their stubbornness. I don't know whether I believe that the Biden administration is actually this stupid or whether they're just pretending to be so, while in reality implementing the foreign policy establishment's usual anti-Iran policy and just acting like they're interested in reestablishing the JCPOA.
I'll probably add a few more summaries to this later, but I haven't been reading the news a lot lately, so I want to catch up on events in Libya, Sudan, Iraq, and perhaps elsewhere before writing paragraphs for them.